Sunday, January 20, 2019

Americans want to regulate AI but don’t trust anyone to do it - Karen Hao, MIT Technology Review

Americans have mixed support for the continued development of AI and overwhelmingly agree that it should be regulated, according to a new study from the Center for the Governance of AI and Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute. These are important lessons for policymakers and technologists to consider in the discussion on how best to advance and regulate AI, says Allan Dafoe, director of the center and coauthor of the report. “There isn’t currently a consensus in favor of developing advanced AI, or that it’s going to be good for humanity,” he says. “That kind of perception could lead to the development of AI being perceived as illegitimate or cause political backlashes against the development of AI.”

With some of the world’s top-ranking universities located in the region, can American AI outsmart the rest of the world? - Current

Across North and South America, automation is transforming the nature of work and is set to replace around a third of roles. Yet at the same time, AI is generating new opportunities and job prospects. To ensure long-term economic success, many experts believe nurturing the AI talent pipeline will be essential. But how do the universities across the region fare?

Purdue U's access to adult learners - Hallie Busta , Education Dive

By the time the ink was dry on Purdue University's acquisition of for-profit Kaplan University, the higher ed sector was entrenched in two distinct camps: those who thought the deal unfairly let a for-profit college operate under the guise of a nonprofit, and those who argued the move was critical for the public land-grant university to compete in the growing online education realm. For $1, Purdue got Kaplan's some 30,000 students and 2,500 instructors, forming the basis of its online college, Purdue University Global. The deal's low price also obligates the university to share revenue from the new entity with Kaplan Higher Education, which handles several of its administrative functions, including admissions support, financial aid, marketing and advertising.

Saturday, January 19, 2019

Purdue’s Online Strategy, Beyond ‘Global’ - Mark Lieberman, Inside Higher Ed

Purdue last month established a central administrative office, Purdue Online, to act as an online program manager of sorts for the institution’s three on-ground campuses as well as Purdue Global, which now exists as a public benefit corporation and does not receive state funding.  Representatives of the original Purdue campuses have been meeting regularly with instructors and deans at Purdue Global, sharing ideas and identifying areas of potential academic collaboration while drawing lines between the two entities' focus areas and target audiences. Purdue administrators have also been paying close attention to high-profile competitors on the online landscape, including Arizona State University, which administrators cite as a model for their ambitions.

Online Education Rules Under the Microscope - Lindsay McKenzie and Mark Lieberman, Inside Higher Ed

Definitions of innovative teaching models and expectations for accreditors of new programs are on the agenda as the Department of Education considers changing standards. As the Trump administration this week convenes a panel of experts to consider rewriting federal policies around digital learning and innovation, the eternal tension between fostering experimentation and protecting educational quality will be on prominent display. The process, known as negotiated rule making -- or “neg reg,” for those in a rush -- began Tuesday with a wide-ranging session on the role of accreditors in policing innovation.

The Language of MOOCs - Roberto Rey Agudo, Inside Higher Ed

Can providers of massive open online courses achieve their goal of educating the most possible people when their offerings are overwhelmingly in English? No, Roberto Rey Agudo argues. Much has been made of the global nature of MOOCs, and the fact that these courses are enabling students from many countries to learn together. Coursera has 181 partners in 27 countries; edX has 130 partners worldwide. In spite of their international reach, English is the language of instruction for over 80 percent of their courses. In contrast, English makes up about 50 percent of internet content, and English speakers 30 percent of the total users. Can edX and Coursera be global platforms and be functionally monolingual?

Friday, January 18, 2019

Partnership Working to Connect Degrees and Certifications - Rhea Kelly, Campus Technology

Workcred, a nonprofit organization focused on credentialing in the workforce, is partnering with the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities and the University Professional and Continuing Education Association to help create opportunities for undergraduate students to earn certifications as part of their degree program. Supported by a grant from the Lumina Foundation, the effort will bring together experts from higher education institutions and accredited certification bodies in a series of convenings across the United States.

Slow Burn for OER Adoption, Awareness - By Mark Lieberman, Inside Higher Ed

The number of instructors aware of and using OER continues to grow -- but many remain out of the loop. Will the market continue to shift? Open educational resources remain a foreign concept to many instructors, but awareness continued to grow steadily last academic year, according to a new survey published today by the Babson Survey Research Group. The number of instructors who understand the copyright implications of OER remains lower, though it’s also trending upward.

Millions of College Students Are Going Hungry - ADAM HARRIS, the Atlantic

As the costs of college have climbed, some students have gone hungry. When they’ve voiced frustration, they’ve often been ridiculed: “Ramen is cheap,” or “Just eat cereal.” But the blight of food insecurity among college students is real, and a new report from the Government Accountability Office (GAO), a nonpartisan congressional watchdog, highlights the breadth of those affected. There are potentially millions of students at risk of being food insecure, which means they do not have access to nutritious, affordable food, the report says. It is the first time the federal government has acknowledged food insecurity on campus in a significant way. The federal government spends billions of dollars on higher education each year, and this report finds that some students are at risk of dropping out because they cannot eat, although there aren’t good data on just how many.

Thursday, January 17, 2019

Takedown of Online Education - Paul Fain, Inside Higher Ed

Fully online programs widen achievement gaps and often are unaffordable, says report seeking to discourage politicians from pulling back on federal policy protections.   Spiros Protopsaltis, an associate professor and director of the Center for Education Policy and Evaluation at George Mason University, co-wrote the report with Sandy Baum, a fellow at the Urban Institute and professor emerita of economics at Skidmore College.  Ray Schroeder, associate vice chancellor for online learning at the University of Illinois at Springfield [also, Founding Dir of the UPCEA National Council for Online Education], said the report painted online education with too broad a brush.    For example, its comparisons between online programs and on-campus ones failed to acknowledge the low graduation rates and default rates of many traditional programs.... Likewise, Schroeder said the report ignored the value of subdegree credentials such as online certificates and industry certifications. And he said it did not account for the growing potential of technology like adaptive learning to boost student results online.  “The tools we have in higher education are being refined by AI, machine learning and the ways we can engage students,” said Schroeder.

Cutting Oversight of Accreditation Will Spur Innovation, Says Education Dept. Critics Say Not So Fast - Eric Kelderman, Chronicle of Higher Ed

Last Monday the department released its recommendations for major changes in the rules regarding accreditation and how colleges qualify for federal financial aid. Approval by a federally recognized accrediting agency is a key condition for colleges to receive federal student-aid dollars — the lifeblood of most colleges.  Possible rule changes also include lowering requirements for colleges to operate online across multiple states, setting rules for distance learning, amending how religious colleges are treated by accreditors, and shifting the administration of federal grants for students who plan on classroom teaching, called Teach Grants. Negotiated rule-making on all of those recommendations, which will involve representatives of various interested groups, are to begin in the middle of January.

No Tuition, but You Pay a Percentage of Your Income (if You Find a Job) - Andrew Ross Sorkin, NY Times

What if there were a way to eliminate student debt? No, really. Student debt reached a new height last year — a whopping $1.5 trillion. A typical student borrower will have $22,000 in debt by graduation, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Now, Silicon Valley is backing a novel idea that proposes to rewrite the economics of getting an education. The concept is deceptively simple: Instead of charging students tuition — which often requires them to take out thousands of dollars in loans — students go to school for free and are required to pay back a percentage of their income after graduation, but only if they get a job with a good salary. The idea, known as an Income Share Agreement, or I.S.A., has been experimented with and talked about for years. But what’s happening at Lambda School, an online learning start-up founded in 2017 with the backing of Y Combinator, has captivated venture capitalists.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Does Higher Education Still Prepare People for Jobs? - Tomas Chamorro-Premuzic & Becky Frankiewicz, Harvard Business Review

In short, we believe that market demands clearly call for a paradigm change. More and more students are spending more and more money on higher education, and their main goal is largely pragmatic: to boost their employability and be a valuable contributor to the economy. Even if the value attached to a university degree is beneficial to those who obtain it, companies can help change the narrative by putting less weight on “higher education” as a measure of intellectual competence and job potential, and instead, approach hiring with more open-mindedness.

Temple pays $5.5M to settle lawsuit over U.S. News ranking inflation - James Paterson, Education Dive

Temple University has agreed to pay nearly $5.5 million to settle a class-action lawsuit with students in its Fox School of Business who said the university provided inflated data to U.S. News & World Report's popular college ranking. The lawsuit alleged Temple claimed its entire incoming class for its online MBA program submitted a Graduate Management Admission Test score when only one-fifth of students actually did, leading to inflated average test scores and a higher spot in the ranking. U.S. News removed Temple's program from the ranking as a result. The plaintiffs said the scandal "will have a long reaching negative impact on [the] school's reputation, prestige and peer ratings." Temple will pay $4 million to students enrolled in its online MBA program between 2015 and 2018 and an additional $1,475,000 to students who attended six other programs within its business school over the same period. It also will establish a $5,000 scholarship in business ethics. ​

Congress in 2019: Democrat-led House oversight is likely in store for DeVos - Elizabeth Mann Levesque, Brookings

In the past two years, with Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos’ leadership, the department has taken a number of steps to roll back federal regulations, in lockstep with the Trump administration’s broader playbook. As a result, during the midterm elections, Ms. DeVos was an easy and often-invoked target for Democrats. Although Democrats took control of the House, with the Senate and White House still under Republican control, it seems unlikely that there will be much in the way of legislation that undermines or changes policies implemented by DeVos. Nonetheless, with control of committee chairs in the House, Democrats could make life difficult for DeVos starting in 2019. Indeed, several incoming chairs have signaled plans to use their oversight authority to examine DeVos’ policies. What might we see in the way of congressional oversight of education during the 116th Congress?

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

New LinkedIn Data Reveals the 10 U.S. Jobs With the Largest Growth Rate - Michael Schneider, Inc

Especially in today's world, where robots are doing the majority of the résumé screening, you have to pass predictive analytics assessments, and (owing to ease of accessibility) there's an average of 250 applications per corporate job opening. In a LinkedIn Emerging Jobs Report released in early December, new data revealed the 10 jobs with the highest demand and most significant growth in hiring rates, making them conceivably more stable career choices and more attainable.  Although the job market is vast and continuously evolving, aligning your education and experiences with these 10 jobs is a good strategy if you're looking to snag a new job quickly.

Looking Through The Lens At Life After 55: Baby Boomers Not Done Learning - Megan Burks, KPBS

“We have this increasing population of older adults and seniors as part of the Baby Boomer population and they're redefining what it means to age,” he said. “So they’re looking for creative pursuits, they’re looking for continuing education, they’re looking to get involved in things.”

5 things I’m telling my kids to prepare them for the future - STEPHANE KASRIEL, FastCompany

YOU’LL BE IN SCHOOL THE REST OF YOUR LIVES Why? Because skills are changing faster than traditional education is keeping up. There are a few reasons for this. After all, per Moore’s law, technological progress grows exponentially, creating smarter and smarter machines, which require newer and newer skills. Plus, in an era of fast-paced technological and scientific breakthroughs, the more we discover, the more we have to learn new skills. And while some leading universities now offer courses on the gig economy or new technologies like the blockchain, it’s far from being the norm. The vast majority of high schools and colleges aren’t adapting quickly enough to the change, leaving their students increasingly unprepared for the jobs market.

Monday, January 14, 2019

The Future of Work: Why better education doesn’t necessarily translate into better work. - Ann Claire Carnahan, US News

The job market has fundamentally shifted in the United States and it is changing how and why Americans work. Through the rise of technology and globalization, competition among workers has become fiercer. Education requirements for employees have risen even though jobs are steadily becoming deskilled. And the mounting anxiety over jobs in an increasingly fluid job market has political, social and personal consequences, according to Ellen Ruppel Shell, author of "The Job: Work and its Future in a Time of Radical Change." In an effort to keep up, Americans are seeking additional education and are learning new skills. "But it will not inoculate them against the changes that are already occurring or that are coming," Shell says. For example, the vast majority of future jobs will not require a college education. Already, roughly one in three college graduates are underemployed.

Career Success Predictions For 2019 - William Arruda, Forbes

Every January, I share my predictions for personal branding and career success for the coming year. This year’s list has a large dose of technology and self-reliance woven throughout. All aspects of career development and growth are moving from the real world to the virtual one. Translating your brand for the digital world now will help you in 2019 and beyond. Here are six trends to maximize for 2019.

The Future of Learning: Meeting the Needs of All Learners - Matthew Lynch, Tech Edvocate

In the past, most teachers would teach at a level appropriate for a student who was slightly below average. When stated this plainly, that practice can sound like a depressing state of affairs. In recent years, an emphasis has been placed on differentiated instruction. The idea is that teachers would not attempt to teach the same material in the same way to every student in the class. Rather, teachers would differentiate the curriculum so that students would have multiple options for their instruction and assessment. Another similar trend is that of personalized instruction. As the term suggests, the idea is that teachers would teach directly to the needs of each student. It probably would not have been possible to personalize learning a generation ago, but the new generation of tech tools makes it a possibility.